The Benefit of ABA Therapy for Autism and More
ABA therapists attempt to dissect and study basic behaviors that are often taken for granted. As a result, this process provides valuable insight and encourages broad application in many environments.
Components of ABA Therapy for Autism
The goal of ABA is to lower the frequency of negative behaviors and increase positive ones with various clinically-proven strategies.
Furthermore, it’s essential to analyze behaviors as they occur to identify the:
Antecedent (the desired action)
Consequence (the positive or negative response to the action)
This process is the ABC model of behavior modification.
In addition to this model, these elements are central to any ABA therapy program for autism treatment:
This article will look into these elements, as well as standard techniques used in ABA treatment.
Task analysis is the means of examining an antecedent’s parts to develop each aspect through new behavioral approaches.
A skill is simplified into individual steps, making it easier to distinguish weak points and proactively address them.
Chaining refers to the process of dividing a skill into smaller components.
In addition to promoting learning and comprehension of desired behaviors, chaining works for almost any skill.
When a child with ASD struggles to perform a new behavior, prompting provides support for staying on track and avoiding a mistake.
Prompting is beneficial for reducing the chance of “meltdowns” during learning, boosting the child’s self-esteem, and driving positive results.
Fading is the method of slowly removing prompts until the child completes the whole action without them. It prevents reliance on prompting and builds confidence to complete a skill without help.
Shaping uses positive reinforcement when a child shows positive efforts or succeeds in performing out the new behavior.
An essential aspect of this strategy is that for a reward to be given, the child’s improvement must be consistent.
Strategic positive reinforcement promotes the desire for complete mastery of learned behavior.
Standard Techniques in ABA Therapy for Autism
Here are some of the most common techniques used in ABA therapy for autism.
Video modeling gives a visual example with a form of video or display displaying the desired behavior or skill.
Similarly to video modeling, visual supports use a visual cue, such as a photo, sign, or chart, to facilitate learning.
Differential Reinforcement of Alternative, Incompatible, or Other Behavior
Abbreviated as DRA, DRI, DRO, this method reinforces desired behaviors while ignoring incorrect or undesired ones.
Reinforcement is offered when the child:
Abstains from the problem behavior
Performs a distinct desired behavior besides the undesired behavior
Does an action that is physically impossible to do while performing the problem behavior
Physical activity can be a great tool in ABA therapy for autism. Not only does it better a child’s physical fitness, but it also encourages desired behaviors and lowers undesired ones.
Functional Communication Training
FCT recognizes and develops easily actionable replacement behaviors that satisfy a problem behavior but is easier to perform.
This technique involves parents adopting tailored intervention practices to reinforce positive learning possibilities in addition to learning critical developmental skills.
ABA Therapy at Sandcastle Centers
Most private insurers are required to cover ABA services, and Medicaid must cover the cost of treatments deemed medically necessary for those under 21.
Additionally, military families with Tricare are also eligible for coverage.
So call or message us today to talk about ABA therapy and put your child on the path to a happy, independent life.
Since we have this pandemic going on, you can also choose our other services such as ABA telehealth for families. Wherein you can seek professional treatment at the comfort of your own home. ABA telehealth therapy services ensure continuity of services, which is critical for families during this period of uncertainty. ABA telehealth is a great service to consider getting soon.
For more information and resources, check out our Blog!
- “5 Applied Behavior Analysis Teaching Strategies.” Applied Behavior Analysis Programs Guide, www.appliedbehavioranalysisprograms.com/lists/5-applied-behavior-analysis-teaching-strategies/.
- “Five Components of Applied Behavior Analysis.” ABA Degree Program Guide, www.abadegreeprograms.net/lists/five-components-of-aba/.
- Pierce, Maegan. https://www.cigna.com/assets/docs/behavioral-health-series/autism/2017/autism-april-handout.pdf.